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A researcher must demonstrate that the research meets the needs of society and addresses current legal issues, policies and practices. Therefore, legal research may be motivated by the desire to address certain practical legal problems, rather than being specifically motivated by the needs of theoretical development. After all, the researcher must have a critical, curious and resourceful state of mind. It is about identifying important legal issues. The research question should be presented in the introductory part of the research. The research question is a research axis. By familiarizing the researcher with existing research and theory in a field, a researcher can revise the research project to investigate some newly identified questions. Research should draw on available state-of-the-art knowledge to create new knowledge. You need to think about what has been achieved in the research or thesis. The novelty of the approach may lie in whole or in part in a thesis. In this case, a literature review may be presented in a chapter or distributed in appropriate places in separate chapters of a thesis or research paper.

The next step is to define or formulate a research problem that can be answered with the right methodology. The research questions specify exactly what needs to be studied. Theoretical analysis is often necessary to postulate the relationship between variables or conditions in research. It also helps to describe, explain and predict phenomena in research. A clear statement about the purpose of the research is important for three reasons: For example, the subject of legal research may cover any legislative scheme, jurisprudential debate, or contemporary legal issue. Research questions should be specific and responsible for conducting successful research. The research question provides some guidelines for methods. Designing a well-formulated research question requires collecting and reading basic information. When legal research aims to generate new theories, the analysis of existing theories is essential to create a framework for new knowledge.

To find a topic, it`s always best to start with a consultation with secondary sources such as books or legal journals. Reading books and journals can provide insight into the research topic and reference important cases and laws relevant to the chosen research field. The purpose and rationale for the research must be clearly stated in a research contract. It must be understood accurately and correctly from the beginning. There does not need to be a separate chapter on literature review. Suppose the research project is a doctoral or master`s thesis. Therefore, a researcher must be flexible and open-minded when it comes to revising the initial hypothesis. To formulate the question correctly, the researcher must have an idea of a broad perspective and a general view of the problem as a whole. Research questions should be based on a review of the existing literature. In search of originality, a researcher can develop an individual point of view, use investigative resources, evaluate previous work and organize his discoveries in an original way.

Literature review mainly refers to consulting general secondary sources in order to obtain an overview of all relevant areas of research. According to Hutchinson, “The literature review justifies your research. However, the choice of a research topic depends on the interests and background of the researcher. Before researching any aspect of the legal discipline, the researcher should consider the rationale and relevance of the research topic. However, the literature review is not just a summary of the relevant literature. It is the synthesis and critical approach of relevant literature. A researcher should not try to put everything in a literature review. A researcher may choose a topic to know the unknown or disprove some existing theories.

The choice of a research topic is the starting point for research. But they provide fundamental information about the problem or question addressed in the research, and a theoretical framework is a logical analysis of the fundamental theories that arise in law. Before addressing substantive issues, a researcher should conduct a comprehensive literature search. As in previous readings, research, and observations, a hypothesis is an enlightened hypothesis. In other words, the hypothesis is a statement reformulated from the research question, and subsequent study could prove or disprove it. It may stem from a theory or the result of previous research.

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